Missionaries of the Sacred

What Is Human Trafficking? PDF Print

 

According to the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, human trafficking is defined as "the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs." (Source: United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Trafficking)

In the United States, the Secretary of State submits an annual "Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000: Trafficking in Persons Report" to Congress, which reports on "severe forms of trafficking in persons". Severe forms of human trafficking are defined as:

"(a) sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age; or (b) the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery." (Source: United States Department of State)